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  1. The High Court, in a test case, has dismissed a woman's bid to use WhatsApp messages from her former husband before he died, to support her claim that he had wanted all his Central Provident Fund (CPF) money to go to their two sons. Justice Valerie Thean made clear the CPF Act prescribed that a member's funds must be bequeathed through nominations or distributed via intestacy laws. "Parliament has set out statutory boundaries for the use and transfer of CPF moneys," Justice Thean said in decision grounds issued on Monday. No party was named in the judgment. "The father, after proper consideration, decided not to make a CPF nomination in favour of his sons. The evidence shows that he intended a specific sum in cash as part of his provision for his sons," the judge added. The father died of pancreatic cancer on Feb 5 last year. He was 49 years old. Under intestacy laws, his widow would get half of the $718,912 in his CPF account and his two sons, 25 per cent each. The man had divorced his first wife in December 2014 and married his second wife in March 2015. His sons, aged 15 and 10, had applied to the courts, via their mother, for the entire CPF amount. They contend the series of WhatsApp text sent to her on Dec 29, 2016, coupled with his actions to withdraw the CPF monies, showed they were entitled to the full sum. The ex-wife, represented by lawyers Mirza Namazie and Ong Ai Wern, claimed the CPF money, placed with the Public Trustee, are the subject of a trust and the sons are the beneficiaries. She wanted the High Court to issue a declaration for the Public Trustee to pay out all the CPF monies to her as she is the legal guardian of their sons. She argued that the WhatsApp conversation she had with her ex-husband about five weeks before he died showed the CPF money belonged to her sons in equity, relying on the maxim "equity treats as done that which ought to be done". The ex-wife pointed out that his application to withdraw CPF funds on the same day as the WhatsApp conversation, coupled with his doctor certifying he was terminally ill and had Stage 4 cancer, showed he wanted to transfer the beneficial interests in the account to the sons, among other things. But the dead man's widow, defended by lawyers Aye Cheng Shone and Derek Choo, countered that the CPF Act does not allow the creation of any trust, as claimed by the ex-wife. They added that the WhatsApp conversation showed the father did not intend to create a trust but to provide about $500,000 for each of his children, which he did. Justice Thean ruled the equitable maxim did not apply based on the facts and that the CPF Act also does not allow the setting up of a trust. The judge also said the WhatsApp conversation showed he planned to withdraw his CPF funds on medical grounds to give him flexibility on how the funds were to be used. He had applied to withdraw the funds on medical grounds on the same day of the conversation. He died about 10 days later and the judge held he would have known his CPF money would not have been paid out to him when he made his will in the early morning hours of the day he died. The judge said his omission to deal with his CPF money in his will showed he knew the CPF Act did not allow him to do so. https://www.tnp.sg/news/singapore/court-rejects-use-whatsapp-messages-cpf-claims
  2. SINGAPORE - Singaporeans may know how crucial water security is to Singapore’s survival, but they also need to keep an eye on its energy security. After all, the country’s water facilities like Newater and desalination plant require large amounts of energy to operate, said Senior Parliamentary Secretary for Trade and Industry and Foreign Affairs Tan Wu Meng on Thursday (Sept 20). Energy security was thrust further into the limelight with Tuesday’s power outage, he said at the Energy Innovation event organised by the Energy Market Authority (EMA). “I was up late that night after meeting some of my residents and saw the social media reports. And also saw the many e-mails and WhatsApp messages from the EMA team which was working hard throughout the night.” He said that two tripping power generating units were the cause, adding: “EMA is continuing its investigations. Whatever the findings - we will learn, we will improve.” At the event, a $15 million research grant was awarded to academics from a range of institutions to improve the resilience of Singapore's power systems and energy markets. The seven projects, chosen by EMA and scheduled to end by 2021, will be carried out in collaboration with industry players and use technology such as blockchain and artificial intelligence. To strengthen the ability of small and medium-sized enterprises to create and export solar energy and energy management products, EMA and Enterprise Singapore also jointly issued a grant call that closes on Nov 23. The Government is also extending the SkillsFuture Earn and Learn Programme to graduates from polytechnic and the Institute of Technical Education who are pursuing power-engineering roles in the public sector, granting $5,000 to each individual. This, said Dr Tan, is the first of many such new programmes that power engineering workers in the public sector can expect. Referring to the seven projects that are receiving $15 million, EMA chief executive Ngiam Shih Chun said that the power industry must ride on emerging trends transforming the energy sector, such as smart grids. "While Singapore has one of the world's most stable and reliable power systems, this cannot be taken for granted." The institutions involved in the projects include the National University of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University and Singapore University of Technology and Design. One of the projects aims to create a software that analyses large and complex power systems by machine learning, thus allowing it to immediately detect attacks on any part of the network. The project’s principal investigator, Professor David Yau from the Singapore University of Technology and Design, said: “We believe that it’s not possible to create defences on the perimeters of these systems because attackers are smart, and could also attack from within the organisation.” Prof Yau said: “With our software, we can learn the normal profile of the network, so that it will be able to send out an alert the moment it detects something that isn’t supposed to happen.” His $1.5 million project is being carried out in collaboration with ST Electronics. https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/environment/energy-security-crucial-for-singapores-survival-tan-wu-meng
  3. The_King

    When you are enlisted for army.

    Got witness lady that look like men?
  4. I like that place le. So peaceful. Buy food no need to Q up.and some.ore Carl jr is there
  5. The_King

    punggol bto the expressway noise so loud one

    2 room is using Vinyl which is a radical of ethane that refers to many different ethylene-based compounds and PVC is polyvinyl chloride and a polymer of vinyl chloride In short it using plastic floor or pvc floor and buidu pvc you get how good or bad it is. They also release volatile organic compounds or VOC Just buidu for more detail
  6. The_King

    punggol bto the expressway noise so loud one

    They will install regardless if you choose ocs or not Also 2 room flat if you choose OCS they give you plastic floor which the produce vapour
  7. The_King

    punggol bto the expressway noise so loud one

    The 99yr flat that I lease in front is big open space The left side is blocked by other flat which blocked the expressway So it a bit better
  8. The_King

    punggol bto the expressway noise so loud one

    Mine rental bird cage is the same size as his
  9. The_King

    WTF: powerbank turn guy into Human Torch

    手機用行動電源,放背包充電的結果!會很危險的! Phone with action power, put backpack charging result! It's gonna be dangerous!
  10. https://www.facebook.com/100009225373724/videos/2103820296602129/
  11. SINGAPORE: The Select Committee tasked to look into the problem of combating deliberate online falsehoods has made 22 recommendations to deal with the issue, saying in its report released on Thursday (Sep 20) that Singapore has “been the subject of foreign, state-sponsored disinformation operations”. In the voluminous report, numbering hundreds of pages, the committee detailed the process through which it sought the views of industry players and the public, which include 170 written representations. Oral representations from 65 individuals and organisations were also heard during the eight-day public hearings in March this year. During a media briefing on Thursday, Senior Minister of State for Transport and Communications and Information Janil Puthucheary said the committee, of which he is a member, is convinced that deliberate online falsehoods are a "live and serious threat" that puts Singapore's national security at risk, based on the evidence and representations put forward. Through these, it said the findings that relate to Singapore could be categorised into three observations: Foreign disinformation has likely occurred and can be expected to happen again, the country’s societal conditions make it “fertile ground for insidious ‘slow drip’ falsehoods that can cause long-term damage” and the region's tensions and circumstances are a source of vulnerability. For the first observation, the committee said the evidence showed that disinformation campaigns have been conducted by “various states”. It cited S Rajaratnam School of International Studies’ (RSIS) Dr Gulizar Haciyakupoglu who described some indicators of such information warfare conducted here, including an unnamed state’s use of news articles and social media to influence the minds of segments of the local population and to legitimise the state’s actions in the international arena. It was also given a confidential briefing by a security agency which provided information that “Singapore has indeed been the subject of foreign, state-sponsored disinformation campaigns”. The report noted that besides disinformation campaigns, cyberattacks are part of a set of tools that external parties rely on to wage a kind of non-physical or “non-kinetic” warfare. And there have been a number of such online attacks against the country, including the one against healthcare provider SingHealth earlier this year, it added. Reasons for why Singapore remains an attractive target for such disinformation campaigns were also fleshed out. They include the alleged availability of the means and tools for such campaigns in the region that can easily be turned against the country. “For example, some national security experts pointed out that cyber armies which have been deployed to aid sectarian or political agendas exist in several of our neighbouring countries, which can easily be repurposed and deployed against Singapore,” the report stated. INSIDIOUS NATURE OF “SLOW DRIP” FALSEHOODS As for the second observation, the report called out “slow drip” falsehoods as insidious to Singapore society given its multiracial, multi-ethnic nature. National University of Singapore’s Mathew Mathews was cited as saying that “low-level” falsehoods could raise tensions little by little. “Emotions may not be high initially, but falsehoods could make them stronger,” the report stated. One example cited was the false news spread by now-defunct online site The Real Singapore, purportedly about a complaint by a Filipino family that resulted in a commotion between Hindu participants and the police during a Thaipusam procession in 2015. The story gained traction quickly and led to xenophobic comments online, the report noted. Another instance cited in the report was the written representation by Prakash Kumar Hetamsaria, who related how another online site, All Singapore Stuff, posted a fake story about a new citizen who was purportedly disappointed with Singapore and thinking of giving up his citizenship, and used his picture to accompany it. “The article was shared over 44,000 times. Mr Hetamsaria and his family, including his young daughter, were impacted by the xenophobic comments that followed. The falsehood hence also inflamed xenophobic and anti-immigrant sentiments in Singapore,” the committee’s report said. Thirdly, the committee also received evidence on how Singapore’s regional context can contribute to its vulnerability to harmful falsehoods online. For one, societal fault lines run across national borders, it said. Nanyang Technological University’s Liew Kai Khiun was mentioned citing an example relating to the crisis faced by Muslims in the Rakhine state of Myanmar and how reports by local media on the crisis would attract comments on their social media pages refuting the reports. “These denials appeared to come from Myanmar-based user accounts, and were accompanied by comments with Islamophobic overtones, triggering backlash from accounts that appeared to belong to Singaporean Muslim users,” the report said. The spillover of tensions from the region into Singapore is also a cause for concern, and the committee cited media academic Cherian George’s study of hate propaganda as example. Dr George’s study found that hate groups in the region and around the world “are far more formidable than anything we have needed to deal with”, and he cautioned that it would be reckless to assume Singapore would not be impacted by the religious and racial policies of its neighbours. “RESPONSE MUST BE MULTI-PRONGED” Concluding that the phenomenon of deliberate online falsehoods is a “real and serious problem” here and around the world, the committee in its report said Singapore’s response should be guided by the core values and aspirations of its society. To this end, it said that the response must be “multi-pronged”, such as addressing the capacity of people’s ability to discern falsehoods as well as supporting journalists and fact-checkers in their work. It should also look into supporting the wider digital ecosystem, particularly the role of technology companies, the committee added. The response should also address the lopsided nature between the growing power of technology and the capacity of society and countries. “The phenomenon and its problems demonstrate a growing gap between the power of technological developments and the capacity of societies and governments to deal with them,” the report said. The committee is also of the view that legislative and non-legislative measures are required and “there is no silver bullet”. “While building the capacity of individuals and other stakeholders through non-legislative measures is crucial, these alone are insufficient to deal with the strength and serious consequences of deliberate online falsehoods,” it said. That said, it is aware that government intervention requires calibration as falsehoods can appear in a broad spectrum of circumstances - from deliberately fabricated content to satire and parodies - as well as varying degrees of impact. Intervention should thus be calibrated to take these factors into consideration, it said. It is also aware of the “valid and important” concerns involving the impact of such intervention on free speech, and proposed for “calibrated interventions and legal and institutional safeguards”. With these in mind, the committee recommended 22 measures to achieve the following objectives: - Nurture an informed public - Reinforce social cohesion and trust - Promote fact-checking - Disrupt online falsehoods - Deal with threats to national security and sovereignty “Ultimately, what is desired is a public that is informed and respects the facts, a society that is cohesive and resilient, and a people whose sovereignty and freedom are safeguarded,” the committee said. In response, the Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth (MCCY) said it has received a summary of recommendations on how it can strengthen trust between the people and the Government. These recommendations, it said, revolved around the principles of communication, accountability, transparency and participation in the Government’s policy- and decision-making processes. The ministry said it already builds capability across the people, private and public sector “so that there can be broader involvement among Singaporeans and organisations to partner the government and each other, to build the Singapore we want to see”. “These efforts speak to the recommendations received by the Select Committee, and the Government is heartened that we are on the right track,” MCCY said. “However, we acknowledge that there is always room for improvement and we will strive to do so, as a collective effort with Singaporeans.” The committee was also asked on Thursday when the Government can be expected to formulate a bill on the recommendations, to which chairman Charles Chong said: “I don’t have a timeframe … I’m not sure how long (the Government) would take. We look forward to their response.” Source: CNA/cy Read more at https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/select-committee-fake-news-online-falsehoods-recommendations-10739834